Yasmeen Mahnaz Faruqi
Flinders University, School of Education
This paper presents a discussion regarding the role that
Muslim scholars played in the development of scientific
thinking in the Middle Ages. It argues that the Muslims were
not just the preservers of the ancient and Greek knowledge,
but that they contributed original works to the different
fields of science. They were inspired by the Islamic view of
nature that is, mankind had a duty to 'study nature in order
to discover God and to use nature for the benefit of mankind'.
This knowledge was transferred to Western Europe and
subsequently played an important role in revitalising a
climate of learning and exploration in Europe, leading to the
Renaissance in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Muslim scholars, scientific thinking,
Islamic view of nature, knowledge transfer, Western science