International Education Journal


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Do International Baccalaureate programs internationalise or globalise?

Ian Hill 
Deputy Director General, International Baccalaureate Organization, Switzerland


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This paper attempts to show that International Baccalaureate (IB) programs contribute to a process of internationalisation, not globalisation. As necessary background, a definition of international education, with particular reference to UNESCO, and how each of the three IB programs fits that definition is outlined. Holistic and transdisciplinary elements of the programs are specially considered followed by a discussion of the terms "internationalisation" and "globalisation" and how they might be applied to the international education programs of the IBO. The paper concludes with a section on whether the IBO is imposing a western model of education on the world, in particular on non-western cultures which adopt IB programs. 

International education, internationalisation, globalisation, transdisciplinary education, holistic education


Hill, I. (2006) Do International Baccalaureate programs internationalise or globalise? International Education Journal, 7 (1), 98-108.

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