College of Education, Beijing Normal University, China, P.R.
Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University,
This article proposes a conceptual framework to examine the
development of the teacher education system in contemporary
China. Within the framework, three development periods,
including the era of shifan , and the era of post-shifan,
the era of professional teacher education, are investigated in
terms of governance, institutional structures, and resource
allocation. With the central government decentralising
managerial control over education, the governance issue of
teacher education is becoming significant in the era of post-shifan.
At the end professional teacher education is suggested as the
future long-term goal for reforming the teacher education
China, teacher education, reconstruction,
governance, professional education