Before schools became institutionalized
government run facilities that they are today they used to be run in and
by the communities and often at home. When school did become institutionalized
a lot of factors changed. The physical environment was probably one of
the biggest factors in this change. Children went from working in the comfort
of their own community with people that they knew very well to attending
a more formal setting that was in some cases far away from their community.
When they got there classes were quite big so they would not have known
everyone in the class the way they would have in the neighbourhood classroom.
Classrooms were now a formal place
of study. Therefore the design and layout of the classroom were important
factors to consider. The layout and design of these classrooms reflected
the teaching style and curriculum of that period of time. Students typically
sat in rows facing the teacher. Learning was specifically teacher to student
and the classroom layout reflected this. Teachers expected students to
listen and respond only to them. Student to student learning was not included
therefore the standard classroom design for this period of time was adequate.